AIZAWL, Sept 25 - Men in Aizawl have much higher chances of contracting cancer than their counterparts in any other part in India.
According to Population Based Cancer Registries (PBCR) released here on Friday, the probability of developing any type of cancer in a lifetime (upto 74 years) is one in four persons in Aizawl, whereas it is one in 22 in Barshi and one in eight in Chennai and Mumbai.
Mizoram nodal officer and principal investigator for PBCR Dr Eric Zomawia said the probability among females in Aizawl is one in five persons, whereas it is one in eight in Mumbai, one in seven in Delhi, and one in 18 in Barshi.
�Aizawl tops all other PBCRs in India in the following cancer sites � cancer all sites (males), lung cancer (males), lung cancer (females), colon cancer (males), and colon cancer (females). It is also top two among all registries in India in cancer sites like cancer all sites (females), Nasopharynx (females), stomach (males), stomach (females), colon (males), lung (males), lung (females) and cervix uteri (females),� he said quoting the report.
The report reveals that cancer killed an average of 700 people every year in Mizoram from 2012-14. The report also reveals that there were 4,656 new cases of cancer reported during 2012 to 2014, including 2,089 females and 2,567 males. It means, on an average, there were 1,552 new cancer cases per year in the State.
The report said, as many as 2,176 people died of various types of cancers in three years, from 2012 to 2014. These included 830 females and 1,346 males.
According to the report, the major causes of cancer in Mizoram is tobacco consumption (Mizoram tops all other States in tobacco consumption).
The report also reveals that Aizawl has the highest age adjusted incidence rate (AAR) of cancer in men followed by Papumpare district of Arunachal Pradesh and East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. Papumpare in Arunachal Pradesh has the highest incidence rate of cancer of all sites in females followed by Aizawl district of Mizoram and Kamrup (Urban) district of Assam.
In India, the estimated total burden of cancer in the country for the year 2016 is 14.5 lakh and estimate for 2020 is 17.3 lakh. Breast, lung and cervix cancers are the top three cancers in India and about 30 per cent of all cancers are associated with tobacco use. The incidence of cancer of colon, prostrate, lung, rectum, breast, corpus uteri and ovary shows increasing trend, while cervix cancer shows decreasing trend. according to the report.