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Nagaland population growth shows decline

By Correspondent

DIMAPUR, April 10 � Nagaland has shown a decline in population with -0.47 percent growth since Census 2001 and the total population now stands at 1,98,0602, according to the Provisional Population Totals of Census 2011.

Among the districts, Dimapur stands highest in percentage share in total population at 19.17 percent, while the lowest is Longleng at 2.55 percent. Nagaland has also shown a decrease in population density from 120 persons in 2001 to 119 persons per sq km in 2011, below the national figure of 382 persons per sq km.

Peren has shown the lowest density at 55 persons per sq km and Dimapur has recorded the highest at 410 persons, which is above the national level. Total child population in the age group of 0-6 stands at 285,981 and the proportion to total population stands at 14.44.

The sex ratio has been recorded at 931 (females per 1000 males) with -2.09 percent decadal growth for male and 1.26 pc for female. Although the ration has gone up from 900 in 2001, the percentage is still below the national level of 940. All districts have shown an increase in sex ratio in 2011 from 2001 except Peren where the ratio has gone down from 946 in 2001 to 917 in 2011.

Nagaland�s literacy rate has risen to 80.11 percent as compared to 67.11 percent of 2001 census report and is above the national rate of 74.04 pc. Literacy by gender shows that the rate for males has gone up from 71.16 percent in 2001 to 83.30 percent in 2011 and for females it has increased from 61.46 to 76.69 percent during the same period � both figures being higher than the national level.

Among the districts, Mokokchung tops the list in literacy rate with 92.68 percent while Mon has recorded the least at 56.60 percent. Except for Mon, all other districts have shown literacy rates of more than 70 percent. The percentage gap between male and female literates is 6.60 percent with the smallest gap registered in Mokokchung at 1.81 percent only.

This is the 6th Census for Nagaland. Due to various factors leading to an abnormal inflation in the Census 2001, the State Government rejected the data and during a Joint Consultative Meeting on September 30, 2009, it was resolved that the State would ensure accurate Census for 2011.

Census 2011 was spearheaded by the Directorate of Census Operations led by its director V Hekali Zhimomi (IAS) with the participation and cooperation of the State Government and apex social organisations such as the Naga Mothers� Association, Naga Hoho, Eastern Naga People�s Organisation, Eastern Naga Students� Federation, Nagaland GB Federation, Naga Council Dimapur, Naga Women Hoho Dimapur, Kyong Hoho, Rengma Hoho, Chakhesang Peoples� Organisation, NBCC and Naga Students� Federation.

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