GUWAHATI, Oct 19 � Production of eri, muga and mulberry silk cocoons in the State has gone up during the past three years.
According to the estimates of the State's Sericulture Department, the State would be able to produce 1530 metric tonnes (MT) of eri cut cocoon, 2738 lakh muga reeling cocoon and 116.3 MT of mulberry reeling cocoon this year.
According to the figures available with the Sericulture Department, in 2013-'14, eri cut cocoon production in the State was 2415 MT, while the production of muga reeling cocoon was 5900 lakh and the production of mulberry reeling cocoon was 234 MT.
In 2012-13, the State could produce 1993.5 MT of eri cut cocoon, 5200 lakh muga reeling cocoon and 184.17 MT of mulberry reeling cocoon.
From the last year�s cocoons, an estimated quantity of 2012.7 MT of raw silk could be produced from eri yarn, while the muga yarn raw silk production from the last year�s muga reeling cocoon is estimated to be 118 MT and in case of mulberry, the produced yarn is estimated to be 23.4 MT.
In case of eri yarn, 85 per cent of the cut cocoon could be recovered, while in the case of muga, 5,000 commercial cocoon give one kilogram (kg) of raw silk yarn and in the case of mulberry, for production of one kg of yarn ten kg of reeling cocoons are required, said sources in the Sericulture Department.
During the past two years, both eri and muga farming activities have extended to almost all the districts of the State. Darrang, Udalguri and Jorhat produce highest quantity of mulberry cocoons, while Sivasagar, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Golaghat, Udalguri, Kamrup (both), Baksa, Chirang, Kokrajhar, and Goalpara are the major muga producing districts of the State.
Jorhat, Golaghat, Sonitpur, Udalguri, Marigaon, Nagaon, Kamrup (both), Darrang, Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar, Chirang, Karbi Anglong, Dima Hasao, Cachar and Hailakandi are the major eri producing districts of the State, sources said.