Washington, March 15 (IANS): Dashing hopes of a closure of the Devyani Khobragade affair, Indian American prosecutor Preet Bharara has secured a fresh indictment of the Indian diplomat even as India described it as an �unnecessary step�.
Two days after a New York judge dismissed the visa fraud case against Devyani Khobragade, India's then consul general in New York whose December 12 arrest and strip search strained ties between the two countries, a US grand jury on Friday again indicted her on the same criminal charges.
"A grand jury has returned a true bill today on a two-count criminal indictment of Devyani Khobragade," Bharara's office said in an announcement on Friday.
An arrest warrant was also issued after the indictment, according to Jerika Richardson, spokesperson for the US attorney's office for the Southern District of New York.
Khobragade faces one count of visa fraud and one count of making false statements for allegedly lying on a visa application about how much she paid her housekeeper, Sangeeta Richard, according to the indictment filed in a Manhattan federal court on Friday.
India on Saturday said the second indictment of Khobragade in the US was an "unnecessary step".
"The second indictment of Devyani Khobragade is an unnecessary step. We are disappointed. We reiterate that the case has no merit," External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Syed Akbaruddin said in a tweet. "India's government will no longer engage on this case in the US legal system," he said.
Khobragade, who according to the US had limited consular immunity, was reassigned by India to a UN job after her arrest.
But the US asked her to return to India on January 9 after New Delhi refused to waive her the newly-acquired full diplomatic immunity. Her lawyer Daniel Arshack declined comment after the fresh indictment which effectively returns the case to where it was before Wednesday's dismissal.
"The Government of India will respond in due course," he said in a statement. US District Judge Shira Scheindlin ruled on Wednesday that Khobragade, India's former deputy consul-general in New York, had diplomatic immunity in her new job at the UN on January 9 and could not be prosecuted.
A spokesman for Bharara's office, however, said the ruling did not bar prosecutors from seeking a new indictment based on the same charges, now that she has left the country and no longer enjoys diplomatic immunity.
Arshack had then commented that re-indicting his client "might be viewed as an aggressive act and one that (prosecutors) would be ill-advised to pursue".
Contrary to an impression that it is Bharara's office that has been pushing the case against Khobragade unmindful of its diplomatic fallout, the State Department on Friday confirmed that it had also opposed dropping of charges against the Indian diplomat.
In the brief opposing the motion to dismiss the case against Khobragade, "the US government" took the position "that she had full immunity only for a very brief period... between the time she was accredited to UN mission and the time she left the country", a State Department spokesperson told reporters.
That's why State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki had expressed "surprise" over the dismissal of the case against Khobragade.
"We were surprised because we learned about this when the ruling was released on Wednesday", and also because the court disagreed with the State Department's position about her immunity.
The flap over the Khobragade affair had led to the postponement of India-US energy dialogue and the first visit by new US assistant secretary of State for South Asia Nisha Desai Biswal, who has just returned from a fence mending trip to India.
How the re-indictment of Khobragade and the threat of her arrest in case of her return would affect what President Barack Obama has famously described as "the defining partnership of the 21st century" is yet to be seen.