GUWAHATI, July 13 - In three-fourths of the households in rural areas of the State, the monthly income of the highest earning member of the family is less that Rs 5,000, even as a very low percentage of rural households in Assam own refrigerators or vehicles.
As per findings of the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC), in 76.89 per cent of the households in rural areas of Assam, the monthly income of the highest earning member is less that Rs 5,000. Altogether, there are 44,16,526 such households in the State.
Nationally, in 74.49 per cent households in rural areas across India fall in that category.
In another 14.53 per cent of the households (numbering 8,34,420), the monthly income of the highest earning household members is between Rs 5000 to Rs 10,000, while it is Rs 10,000 or above in 8.58 per cent of the households (4,92,736).
The SECC data shows that 12.77 per cent of households in rural Assam have members with salaried jobs. Among them, 4,36,879 households have salaried jobs in government sector, while 50,485 have salaried jobs in public sector and another 2,18,711 households have salaried jobs in the private sector.
The number of households which pay income tax or professional tax stands at 4,08,746.
Altogether 1,84,761 households in rural areas own or operate an enterprise registered with the government. As far as assets owned by rural households is concerned, 5.31 per cent or 3,05,204 households in Assam possess refrigerators. Across India, it is over 11 per cent. Less than one per cent or 39,334 households have landlines only, while as many as 63.33 per cent or 36,37,303 households in rural areas of the State own mobiles. In addition, 0.73 per cent or 41,649 households have both landlines and mobiles. However, 35.26 per cent of households (20,25,502) have neither landline nor mobile in rural Assam. Besides, 12.35 per cent or 7,09,603 households have motorised two/three/four-wheelers or motorized fishing boats requiring registration in rural areas of the State. Across India, the figure stands at over 20 per cent. This is the first SECC conducted in India since Independence.