IMPHAL, Feb 24 � Altogether 62,730 toilets have been constructed in Manipur out of the targeted 2,68,769 under the Central Government sponsored flagship programme of Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) by 2012.
According to sources in the Communication and Capacity Development Unit (CCDU), Manipur � the implementing agency of the campaign in the State � 37,130 toilets for below poverty line (BPL) families were constructed out of a total target of 1,94,887 sanitary toilets till February 17 this year while 21,428 were constructed for the above poverty line (APL) families out of the targeted 68,376 toilets.
The CCDU which works in panchayats, gram sabhas and NGOs,was set up all over the country to educate, motivate and communicate about the need for hygienic living.
Around 4,172 toilets including 247 for sanitary complexes, 2,986 for schools and 939 for balwadis were also constructed so far out of 386, 3919 and 1201 toilets respectively. The step has been taken up to enable those living in rural and remote areas and belonging to BPL section of the society to lead a hygienic life free from diseases. It also envisages constructing a sanitary latrine for every BPL household by 2012.
In case of individual latrine, the expenditure is pegged at Rs 3,000 out of which Rs 2,000 will be borne by the Central Government, Rs 700 by the State and Rs 300 by the individual concerned. For community sanitary complex, the cost is pegged at Rs 2 lakh out of which Rs 1,20,000 will be borne by the Centre, Rs 60,000 by State and Rs 20,000 by the community.
For schools, Rs 38,500 is the total cost with the Centre�s and State�s share amounting to Rs 26,500 and 11,500 respectively, while out of a total cost of Rs 10,000 for Anganwadi toilet, the Centre puts up Rs 7,000 and the State Rs 3,000.
On the other hand, various intervention programmes in the Health sector including immunisation for children and pregnant women were also carried out with special emphasis on the most vulnerable section of the society � children and women belonging to the BPL under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) since it was launched in October 2006.
�With the launching of Janani Surakhsha Yojana (JSY), many mothers benefited under the scheme,� an official of NRHM said. A total of 41,581 pregnant women over 19 years were benefited in 2009-10, besides they were also eligible for check-up three times free of cost in a government health centre.
Selected 3,878 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) workers play a major role to bridge the gap between the community and health care delivery system under NRHM while 3,591 village health and sanitation committees were made operationalised with their own bank accounts.
One ASHA worker covers 1,000 population in Manipur�s four valley districts while one ASHA worker covers 200 population in the five hill districts. According to Dr S Bimola Kumari, chief medical officer of the Imphal West district, 329 ASHAs equipped with uniforms, radio and cycles operate in Imphal West district alone.